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Assessment, diagnosis & intervention/therapy.

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What does a speech-langauge pathologist do?

A Speech-Language Pathologist provides assessment, diagnosis and treatment for the following problems and disorders.

Articulation (speech)

Articulation is the ability to produce the sounds of speech. It involves the coordination of the ‘articulators’ including the lips, cheeks, teeth, tongue, soft palate, hard palate and pharynx. Articulation is developmental and usually follows a sequence of acquisition. Certain sounds are easier to produce than others. Later developing sounds include: r l th s and blends with 2-3 consonant sounds such as st, pl, scr, etc. Adult speech is generally acquired by approximately 9 years of age.

Receptive Disorders

Receptive language refers to the understanding of oral language and includes the ability to follow oral instructions, understand a range of different spoken sentence and question forms, listen to and comprehend stories and understand the meaning of spoken words and word relationships.

Expressive Disorders

Expression refers to language production and includes the ability to use the correct words(grammatical structures) in oral sentences, connect ideas together using conjunction words (eg. and, because) and sequence information to describe an object, tell stories or recount an event.

Voice Disorders

Voice is one of the main means by which humans communicate. We use our voice for talking, whispering, singing, shouting, yelling and screaming or cheering. It often reflects how we feel about things and is useful to communicate emotions without using specific words and sentences. Indeed, components of voice can change the meaning of words and sentences.

Stuttering /Fluency Disorder

Stuttering or dysfluent speech is a disorder in the flow or rhythm of speech in which the individual knows what he/she wishes to say but is unable to say it because of an involuntary repetitive, prolongation or blocking of sound. In short, it interferes with effective communication. Stuttering is also known as stammering.

Learning Difficulties

Learning difficulties can be highly varied. They can range from difficulties in acquiring reading, writing and math to problems with understanding, interpreting and retaining new and unfamiliar information. Learning disorders can have an underlying cause in oral language disorders, intellectual delay or attentional deficits, but may also be a very specific problem with how the brain processes written material when all other skills are normal.